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Biological Name: Asclepias gigantea, Calotropis giganteaarka

Family: Asclepiadaceae

Other Names: Yercum, Gigantic Swallowort, Surya pattra, Aka, Mudar, Arka, Mandaramu, Akado, Akanda, Mandara, Akda, Madar, Akra, Khark, Alarka, Khok, Jilledu, Arbre-a-Soie, Erukku, Arkamu, Erikku, Badabadam, Erikka, Byclospa, Ekkemal, Ekke

Additional Info:

The plant is widely applied in Ayurvedic medicine and commonly used in form of milky juice. It’s originally found in Singapore, Sri Lanka, India, South China and Malay Islands. Its main place of occurrence is in waste ground.

Active components:

The main components found in Arka are:

  • Caoutchouc
  • Madar fluavil
  • Calotropin
  • Akundarin
  • black acid resin
  • yellow bitter resins (active components)
  • Madar alban

When used at the first year of its life the plant is no as potent as the older patterns, as its bark is still poor in acid and bitter resins. For this reason it’s better to use the plant of the second and following years to experience the best results.

Milky plant juice is applied for nervous disorders, and the herb itself is known to produce a calming effect on one’s heart.

Elements Applied: The parts commonly applied include flowers, plant juice, root and its bark.

Used for: The herb is known to be a good aid in case of heart diseases.

The root’s bark main characteristics consist in producing an expectorative effect, acting as a laxative and diaphoretic. It’s also known to produce an anti-spasmodic effect and boost the body’s condition and energy levels in total. If taken in considerable quantities the plant can induce vomiting (if 40 grains on average are taken).

The plant is known to boost the functionality of glands and provide fluid excretion, as well as to soothe the spasms and provide relaxation for muscle tissue, especially the muscles located in the area of colon and anus. For this reason it has been successfully used to eliminate the symptoms of dysentery. As an anti-spasmodic remedy it’s applied in cases of syphilis, hysteria, convulsions, epilepsy, paralysis and elephantiasis.

The plant is also applied to reduce temperature and prevent its reappearance. Also applied to soothe digestive system disorders and spasms induced by them, including hemorrhoids. Successfully applied to eliminate helminthes.

The plant’s flowers are characteristic of producing a positive effect on the digestive system, and boosting circulation. Small dosage can help you get a relief in case of leprosy, and elephantiasis. The flowers have also been referred to as a good remedy for asthma.

The herb’s milky juice is an efficient laxative remedy, also known to boost one’s metabolic rates. It also enhances fluid circulation across the organism and is famous as a vomiting trigger when applied in considerable doses.

Due to its aggressive origin the plant has been practised as an abortion trigger in India. The herb was inserted into the cervix or further to the womb until it caused labor pains or contractions. It was also applied as a poison for newborns and domestic animals. Still, this action was severely forbidden by the law.

Leaves and stems are applied as an anti-inflammatory remedy. Additionally their capacity consists in reducing spasms and pains, for which reason these parts are used as an anaesthetic.

If consumed in reasonable amounts, the plant itself is known to produce a mild positive effect on the digestive system.

Additional Cases: In Ayurvedic medicine Arka is applied as a core component of Arka Tailam, potent oil. The remedy is applied to treat serious skin conditions like eczema. It’s also applied to insect and scorpion bites to soothe the pain. Females apply it when cleaning the skin of excess hair. Additionally, it’s applied to treat aching joints, and to cure scalp ringworm.

Preparation and intake: Concentrated juice is taken in a quantity of 1-2 grams a day. The bark of the root is taken in a dose of 1-5 grams a day. Milky juice is applied in a quantity up to 5 drops. The forms in which the herb is commonly applied are emulsion, tablets, root or leaf powder. Dry and liquid extracts of leaves are also in use.

Safety: Warning! The plant can produce a poisonous effect. Dangerous to apply in course of pregnancy. You should necessarily call your doctor for a consultation before taking the remedy. There is no data concerning the side effects of this herb.