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Biological Name: Sambucus nigraelderberry

Other Names: elderberry, Black elder, German Elder, black-berried European elder, European elder, boor tree, ellhorn, bountry, ellanwood, elder

Elements Applied: Each plant’s part is applied in herbal medicine, including the root, young twigs, leaves, flowers, bark, and fruit.

Active Components: Elderberry berries and flowers are beneficial for the organism in a range of conditions due to high concentration of flavonoids, particularly quercetin, in them.

Scientific studies have revealed that leaf extract, used in conjunction with soapwort and St. John’s Wort, is potent of eliminating herpes simplex virus and influenza.

According to a research conducted on patients, elderberry extract is successfully applied for treating flu. According to animal tests, the flowers are capable of preventing inflammatory processes.

History: Elderberry was consumed as meals for a long period, particularly in dried condition. Elderberry lemonade, pie and wine are widely spread in the people’s menus. Plant’s leaves were thought to reduce pains and cure sores and inflammations, when used externally in form of poultice.

In the early time of America the herb was applied for skin diseases, coughs, and infections.

Used for: Elderberry can be applied in a range of conditions: influenza, inflammations, herpex simplex virus, sore throats and habitual colds.

Elderberry juice produces a strong purifying effect. It has a high concentration of nutritional substances. The juice may be mixed with other juices. Berry juice is especially helpful in stimulating the glandular and reproductive system, while elderberry flowers are effective for kidney conditions.

Young twigs and leaves applied in form of tea are really effective in boosting urination and driving excess liquid away from the organism. Applied in prescribed doses black elder medicines are effective for constipation, rheumatic conditions, edema, dropsy, kidney diseases, and urinary tract conditions. Flower tea is effectively used to boost sweating and thus applied in rheumatic conditions and colds.

Fresh juice is not applicable, as well as raw berries. Before usage the berries, either intended to be used as juice or naturally, should be slightly processed. Elderberry jam can be applied for treating constipation, especially in case of inflamed bowels even in children of early age.

Additional Info: Elderberry is indigenous to North America and Europe. The berries and flowers are applied in herbal medicine.

Black elder grows in form of either a tree or a bush, reaching a height of 10-30 feet. It grows wild in wet areas and shadowy forests. The plant is specially raised in several countries.

The bark has different color in various parts, being brownish in the lower part of the stem, grayish in the upper part, and is covered with nodes. The leaves are complex, consisting of several leaflets which are ovate-shaped and green-colored.

The plant blossoms in summer period, from June to July, and is covered with white or yellowish flowers, which later produce green-colored berries, changing to deep red color as they get ripe.

Preparation and Intake: In form of tincture the extract is applied in a quantity of 5 ml for kids, and 10 ml for grown-ups two times a day.

To make tea use 3-5 grams of dry flower extract and fill it up with a cup of boiling water, let stay for 15 minutes. Take it thrice a day.

Root bark or stem bark should be eaten raw.

To prepare a remedy from the bark take one teaspoon of the extract and fill it up with half a cup of boiling water. Use in a quantity of 1 cup daily, one deep swallow at a time.

Safety: There is no evidence concerning the harmful effect of the plant on the organism.

The herb taken raw may act as a poison. American elder is higher in its toxicity than its European counterpart. Still, when prepared properly, the berries are safe.

In some patients the herb developed giddiness and stupor when applied for treating constipation.