Evening Primrose

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Biological Name: Oenothffa bionnisEvening Primrose

Other Names: primrose, Evening Primrose, tree primrose, common evening primrose, scurvish, fever plant, scabish, field primrose, night willow-herb, king’s cureall

Elements Applied: Green parts are commonly applied in herbal medicine.

Active Components: Borage oil, black currant seed oil, and evening primrose oil (EPO) are rich in linolenic acid, an acid which is known to be transformed to hormone-resembling substance PGE1 (prostaglandin E1). PGE1 is characterized by anti-inflammatory capacity, and can also be used to dilute blood and relax the vessels.

Linolenic acid, a fatty acid which is present in the majority of vegetable oils (as well as primrose oil), seeds, and nuts, is allegedly transformed to PGE1. However, there are some factors which may impede this process, like insufficient vitamin B, zinc, and magnesium, vitamin C quantities in the body, elevated blood sugar, hydrogenated oils, saturated fats, and even the aging process. Remedies which contain linolenic acid are potent of fighting these issues, causing PGE1 production in the body. A wide range of people in the West are exposed to at least partial linolenic acid insufficiency due to excessive fat intake, glucose intolerance, aging process, and other reasons. People, who suffer from the lack of linolenic acid, may recover its stock by using borage oil, black currant seed oil, and primrose oil.

Used For: The herb is known to contain valuable mucilage, and relieve diarrhea.

Conventionally, evening primrose has been applied to relieve stubborn coughs, linked with colds. It has been additionally applied for psychological depression, for which it was possibly efficient due to its stimulating action on the digestive system, spleen, and liver. It may also be produced to a topical remedy for skin irritation, and rashes. The plant can be taken as food.

Evening Primrose oil may be applied for the following list of conditions: elevated arterial tension, schizophrenia, rheumatic arthritis, Raynaud’s disease, premenstrual syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, fibrocystic breast disease, eczema, diabetes, attention deficit disorder, and atherosclerosis.

Evening primrose may be applied for PMS and schizophrenia. According to several researches, up to 500 mg of evening primrose oil in capsules taken on a regular basis in combination with zinc and vitamins B-6, B-3, and C. Premenstrual syndrome symptoms, particularly depression, have been reduced to a much larger extent using primrose oil, in comparison with placebo. The daily dose of six capsules may lead to considerable positive changes.

The herb can also be applied for hypertension. According to two individual researches conducted on animals in Canada, the active component in evening primrose, linolenic acid, and the evening primrose oil on its own, was effective in decreasing arterial tension. While in the first research it was revealed to stimulate heart’s stable functionality under conditions of recurrent stress, the second research showed a considerable decrease in arterial tension. The common suggestion was to use up to 4 capsules of the oil for high blood pressure, and increase the amount of potassium in a diet to 750 mg.

Evening primrose oil is also used to relieve recurrent conditions. According to South African researchers, auto-immune and inflammatory conditions of chronic character, premature aging, cancer, eczema, hypertension, atherosclerosis and other atopic diseases are linked with fatty acid insufficiency in the organism. The lack of lenolenic acid and other fatty acids, present in fish oils, may lead to unstable production of core enzymes. According to their researches, evening primrose oil may be added to one’s diet to prevent this condition and potentially impede other recurrent diseases. Suggested dosage is two capsules two times per day, one in the morning, another in the afternoon for best results.

Additional Info: Evening primrose belongs to annual plants, and can be met in waste places and dry meadows of the Atlantic area to the Rockies. Featuring a straight stem, which is covered with fuzz, this plant has lanceolate, alternate and fuzzy leaves. The blossoming period starts in early summer and lasts till mid-autumn, when the plant bears yellow-colored flowers, which smell like a lemon. The fruit grows in a capsule and is covered with fuzz.

Preparation and Intake: To prepare an infusion, take a teaspoon of herb extract for a cup of water. Infuse the remedy and use at a dose of one cup a day, a swallow at a time.

In form of tincture the herb is taken at a dose of 5 to 40 drops when necessary.

The relative quantity of primrose oil used for studies is from 3000 to 6000 mg a day, which is identical to 270-360 mg of linolenic acid.

Suggestions for special cases are mentioned above.

Safety: There are no reports of body damage after using primrose oil. To produce PGE1 the organism needs other constituents in addition to evening primrose oil. Due to this reason, some scientists recommend using vitamin B6, niacin, vitamin C, zinc, and magnesium in conjunction with primrose oil.